Section 8: Veterans

This section presents statistics on veterans in the United States. Specifically, the data address service-connected disability rating; the prevalence of disabilities in the veteran population; the portion of the veteran population that experiences poverty, including the difference between the poverty rates of veterans with and without disabilities (relative ratio), by disability status. The principal sources of these data are the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey and the Veterans Benefits Administration’s Annual Benefits Report. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (go to the glossary for more details). Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau in all sources (go to the glossary for more details).

For expanded statistics by age, gender, and race/ethnicity please go to the Annual Disability Statistics Build Your Own Statistics site at https://www.researchondisability.org/collection/2024/build-stats

Tables

Table 8.1: In 2022, according to the American Community Survey, 2,046,000 veterans ages 18 and over living in the community reported having a military service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or more. Table 8.1 Veterans - Service-Connected Disability Rating - Civilian Veterans Ages 18 Years and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2022

Table 8.2: In 2022, there were 8,139,000 civilian veterans ages 18-64 years living in the community, 1,635,000 of which were individuals with disabilities; representing 20.1% of veterans. Rhode Island/RI had the lowest percentage of veterans with disabilities (11.8%); while Puerto Rico/PR had the highest percentage of veterans with disabilities (34.1%). Table 8.2 Prevalence - Civilian Veterans With and Without Disability, Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2022

Table 8.3: In 2022, of the 1,635,000 veterans with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 225,000 veterans were experiencing poverty (13.8%). In contrast, of the 6,505,000 veterans without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 393,000 veterans were experiencing poverty (6%). The percentage of veterans with disabilities living in poverty was highest in Vermont/VT, 29.7% and lowest in North Dakota/ND, 4.5%. The state with the greatest disparity in poverty was in Connecticut/CT, with a relative ratio of poverty 6.106 (the further this value is from 1.00, the greater the disparity in poverty between veterans with disabilities and those without disabilities). Table 8.3 Poverty - Civilian Veterans with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2022

Table 8.4: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2022, the United States spent a total of $134,608,478,955 on compensation and pension benefits paid to disabled veterans. Table 8.4 Veterans Benefits Administration - Compensation and Pension Benefits Paid to Disabled Veterans and their Survivors: Federal Fiscal Year 2022

Table 8.1 Veterans - Service-Connected Disability Rating - Civilian Veterans Ages 18 Years and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2022

Table 8.1 Veterans - Service-Connected Disability Rating - Civilian Veterans Ages 18 Years and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2022
State Veterans Has Dis. Rating Percent Dis. Rating 0% Percent Dis. Rating 10% - 60% Percent Dis. Rating 70% - 100% Percent Dis. Rating Not Reported
# ME# # ME# # ME# # ME# # ME# # ME#
U.S. 15,953,000 87,000 4,718,000 52,000 167,000 7,000 2,318,000 40,000 2,046,000 35,000 188,000 11,000
Alabama 303,000 11,000 113,000 8,000 3,000 1,000 51,000 6,000 54,000 6,000 4,000 2,000
Alaska 56,000 6,000 19,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 8,000 3,000 8,000 3,000 1,000 1,000
Arizona 450,000 14,000 125,000 9,000 5,000 2,000 67,000 6,000 48,000 6,000 4,000 2,000
Arkansas 174,000 9,000 51,000 5,000 2,000 1,300 22,000 4,000 25,000 4,000 2,000 1,100
California 1,276,000 24,000 358,000 12,000 19,000 4,000 172,000 9,000 148,000 9,000 19,000 3,000
Colorado 334,000 14,000 109,000 9,000 4,000 2,000 56,000 7,000 44,000 5,000 4,000 2,000
Connecticut 127,000 8,000 25,000 4,000 900 500 15,000 3,000 9,000 2,000 800 1,200
Delaware 60,000 5,000 14,000 3,000 200 210 7,000 2,000 6,000 2,000 800 1,200
District of Columbia 21,000 3,000 7,000 2,000 300 300 3,000 2,000 4,000 2,000 300 400
Florida 1,306,000 21,000 416,000 14,000 16,000 3,000 206,000 10,000 179,000 10,000 14,000 4,000
Georgia 602,000 16,000 200,000 12,000 5,000 2,000 95,000 9,000 92,000 9,000 8,000 3,000
Hawaii 85,000 5,000 28,000 4,000 400 330 14,000 3,000 12,000 3,000 1,000 1,000
Idaho 108,000 6,000 31,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 16,000 3,000 12,000 3,000 600 510
Illinois 464,000 17,000 97,000 8,000 5,000 2,000 47,000 6,000 42,000 5,000 3,000 2,000
Indiana 317,000 12,000 86,000 6,000 3,000 1,000 52,000 5,000 28,000 4,000 3,000 2,000
Iowa 153,000 8,000 37,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 21,000 4,000 13,000 3,000 2,000 1,400
Kansas 150,000 9,000 40,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 21,000 4,000 15,000 3,000 2,000 1,000
Kentucky 227,000 11,000 66,000 7,000 2,000 1,000 34,000 5,000 27,000 4,000 2,000 2,000
Louisiana 209,000 10,000 65,000 6,000 2,000 1,100 28,000 4,000 32,000 5,000 3,000 2,000
Maine 101,000 7,000 30,000 5,000 2,000 1,400 16,000 4,000 11,000 2,000 2,000 1,600
Maryland 320,000 12,000 89,000 7,000 3,000 2,000 42,000 5,000 42,000 5,000 3,000 1,000
Massachusetts 239,000 10,000 57,000 5,000 2,000 1,000 30,000 4,000 21,000 3,000 3,000 2,000
Michigan 465,000 14,000 112,000 7,000 4,000 1,000 61,000 5,000 43,000 5,000 4,000 2,000
Minnesota 266,000 12,000 87,000 7,000 4,000 2,000 59,000 6,000 22,000 4,000 2,000 2,000
Mississippi 143,000 9,000 47,000 6,000 1,000 1,000 21,000 3,000 23,000 4,000 2,000 1,600
Missouri 334,000 14,000 94,000 7,000 3,000 2,000 48,000 5,000 38,000 5,000 4,000 2,000
Montana 80,000 7,000 25,000 4,000 700 600 14,000 3,000 10,000 2,000 600 550
Nebraska 104,000 7,000 38,000 5,000 700 600 25,000 4,000 11,000 3,000 2,000 1,100
Nevada 204,000 10,000 66,000 6,000 1,000 1,000 27,000 4,000 36,000 4,000 3,000 2,000
New Hampshire 89,000 7,000 25,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 15,000 3,000 8,000 2,000 500 400
New Jersey 274,000 12,000 61,000 6,000 2,000 1,000 31,000 5,000 25,000 4,000 3,000 2,000
New Mexico 138,000 8,000 44,000 6,000 2,000 1,100 17,000 3,000 21,000 4,000 3,000 3,000
New York 578,000 16,000 121,000 7,000 6,000 2,000 59,000 5,000 49,000 5,000 6,000 2,000
North Carolina 611,000 16,000 212,000 10,000 5,000 1,000 84,000 7,000 116,000 9,000 7,000 2,000
North Dakota 37,000 5,000 11,000 3,000 300 400 7,000 2,000 3,000 1,000 100 200
Ohio 589,000 17,000 148,000 9,000 5,000 2,000 82,000 6,000 55,000 6,000 6,000 2,000
Oklahoma 237,000 12,000 92,000 8,000 2,000 2,000 40,000 5,000 46,000 6,000 4,000 2,000
Oregon 242,000 10,000 74,000 7,000 2,000 1,000 39,000 5,000 31,000 4,000 2,000 1,000
Pennsylvania 631,000 17,000 138,000 9,000 7,000 2,000 72,000 7,000 54,000 7,000 5,000 2,000
Rhode Island 44,000 5,000 11,000 2,000 300 400 6,000 2,000 4,000 2,000 500 610
South Carolina 339,000 12,000 113,000 8,000 4,000 2,000 46,000 4,000 57,000 6,000 7,000 3,000
South Dakota 52,000 6,000 19,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 9,000 3,000 8,000 3,000 300 300
Tennessee 388,000 13,000 123,000 9,000 3,000 1,000 57,000 5,000 56,000 6,000 7,000 3,000
Texas 1,376,000 26,000 494,000 17,000 14,000 3,000 223,000 13,000 242,000 12,000 15,000 3,000
Utah 107,000 6,000 32,000 4,000 300 300 16,000 3,000 15,000 3,000 1,000 1,000
Vermont 34,000 4,000 8,000 2,000 800 1,200 5,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 100 200
Virginia 615,000 16,000 213,000 12,000 6,000 2,000 100,000 7,000 101,000 8,000 7,000 3,000
Washington 463,000 13,000 132,000 7,000 5,000 2,000 69,000 6,000 52,000 6,000 6,000 2,000
West Virginia 111,000 6,000 37,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 17,000 3,000 17,000 3,000 1,000 1,000
Wisconsin 277,000 12,000 66,000 6,000 3,000 2,000 39,000 5,000 21,000 4,000 3,000 2,000
Wyoming 41,000 5,000 14,000 4,000 200 300 7,000 2,000 6,000 2,000 600 560
Puerto Rico 64,000 5,000 24,000 4,000 600 550 8,000 2,000 13,000 2,000 3,000 1,000
Notes: Authors’ calculations using the U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample, (2022), which is subject to sampling variability. Slight differences in percentages may appear due to rounding when compared to populations. The margin of error (ME) is based on a 95% confidence level and is a measure of an estimate’s variability. The larger the margin of error is in relation to the size of the estimate, the less reliable the estimate.
*estimate either unavailable or too few sample observations.
Citation: Thomas, N., Paul, S., Bach, S., & Houtenville, A. (2024). Annual Disability Statistics Compendium: 2024 (Table 8.1). Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Table 8.2 Prevalence - Civilian Veterans With and Without Disability, Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2022

Table 8.2 Prevalence - Civilian Veterans With and Without Disability, Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2022
State Total Disability No Disability
# # ME# % ME% # ME# % ME%
U.S. 8,139,000 1,635,000 32,000 20.1 0.4 6,505,000 67,000 79.9 0.4
Alabama 169,000 43,000 5,000 25.5 2.8 126,000 8,000 74.5 2.8
Alaska 33,000 8,000 3,000 22.8 7.9 25,000 5,000 77.2 7.9
Arizona 219,000 39,000 6,000 17.9 2.4 180,000 12,000 82.1 2.4
Arkansas 90,000 22,000 4,000 24.3 3.5 68,000 6,000 75.7 3.5
California 623,000 112,000 9,000 18.0 1.3 511,000 20,000 82.0 1.3
Colorado 190,000 31,000 4,000 16.3 2.1 159,000 10,000 83.7 2.1
Connecticut 55,000 9,000 3,000 15.7 4.2 46,000 6,000 84.3 4.2
Delaware 28,000 5,000 2,000 18.0 7.0 23,000 4,000 82.0 6.9
District of Columbia 12,000 3,000 2,000 21.8 11.7 10,000 3,000 78.2 11.7
Florida 628,000 130,000 8,000 20.7 1.2 498,000 16,000 79.3 1.2
Georgia 351,000 72,000 6,000 20.4 1.5 279,000 13,000 79.6 1.5
Hawaii 43,000 9,000 3,000 20.3 5.2 34,000 4,000 79.7 5.2
Idaho 54,000 10,000 2,000 18.7 3.7 44,000 5,000 81.3 3.7
Illinois 223,000 37,000 7,000 16.8 2.5 185,000 13,000 83.2 2.5
Indiana 162,000 33,000 5,000 20.1 2.5 130,000 10,000 79.9 2.5
Iowa 74,000 12,000 3,000 16.4 3.8 62,000 7,000 83.6 3.8
Kansas 76,000 17,000 4,000 22.5 4.4 59,000 7,000 77.5 4.4
Kentucky 120,000 31,000 5,000 25.6 3.6 89,000 8,000 74.4 3.6
Louisiana 104,000 27,000 4,000 26.1 3.6 77,000 7,000 73.9 3.6
Maine 49,000 12,000 3,000 24.4 5.2 37,000 5,000 75.6 5.2
Maryland 180,000 30,000 4,000 16.7 2.2 150,000 9,000 83.3 2.2
Massachusetts 101,000 17,000 3,000 16.8 2.7 84,000 7,000 83.2 2.7
Michigan 210,000 44,000 6,000 20.8 2.4 166,000 11,000 79.2 2.4
Minnesota 118,000 23,000 5,000 19.2 3.2 96,000 10,000 80.8 3.2
Mississippi 73,000 20,000 4,000 26.9 4.2 54,000 6,000 73.1 4.2
Missouri 162,000 34,000 5,000 21.2 2.5 127,000 10,000 78.8 2.5
Montana 39,000 8,000 3,000 20.0 6.0 31,000 5,000 80.0 6.0
Nebraska 54,000 10,000 3,000 17.9 3.8 44,000 5,000 82.1 3.8
Nevada 109,000 24,000 4,000 22.2 3.2 85,000 8,000 77.8 3.2
New Hampshire 43,000 7,000 2,000 15.3 4.6 37,000 5,000 84.7 4.6
New Jersey 118,000 18,000 3,000 15.3 2.7 100,000 9,000 84.7 2.7
New Mexico 69,000 18,000 4,000 26.0 4.4 51,000 5,000 74.0 4.4
New York 264,000 47,000 6,000 18.0 1.9 216,000 11,000 82.0 1.9
North Carolina 339,000 73,000 7,000 21.4 1.8 266,000 13,000 78.6 1.8
North Dakota 21,000 4,000 2,000 17.2 8.0 18,000 4,000 82.8 8.0
Ohio 284,000 56,000 7,000 19.8 2.0 228,000 13,000 80.2 2.0
Oklahoma 128,000 34,000 5,000 26.2 2.9 94,000 8,000 73.8 2.9
Oregon 111,000 29,000 4,000 25.8 3.2 82,000 7,000 74.2 3.2
Pennsylvania 282,000 54,000 7,000 19.2 1.9 227,000 12,000 80.8 1.9
Rhode Island 20,000 2,000 1,000 11.8 6.0 18,000 4,000 88.2 5.9
South Carolina 174,000 38,000 5,000 21.9 2.4 136,000 8,000 78.1 2.4
South Dakota 30,000 6,000 2,000 20.1 6.8 24,000 4,000 79.9 6.8
Tennessee 203,000 41,000 4,000 20.2 2.0 162,000 10,000 79.8 2.0
Texas 817,000 177,000 11,000 21.7 1.2 640,000 18,000 78.3 1.2
Utah 55,000 10,000 3,000 18.3 4.3 45,000 5,000 81.7 4.3
Vermont 16,000 3,000 1,000 18.0 7.6 13,000 4,000 82.0 7.6
Virginia 375,000 65,000 7,000 17.3 1.7 310,000 13,000 82.7 1.7
Washington 246,000 48,000 6,000 19.7 2.1 198,000 11,000 80.3 2.1
West Virginia 51,000 11,000 3,000 22.5 4.1 39,000 5,000 77.5 4.1
Wisconsin 122,000 19,000 4,000 15.2 2.8 103,000 9,000 84.8 2.8
Wyoming 23,000 5,000 2,000 23.3 7.4 18,000 4,000 76.7 7.4
Puerto Rico 22,000 7,000 3,000 34.1 7.6 14,000 3,000 65.9 7.6
Notes: Authors’ calculations using the U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, Public Use Microdata Sample, (2022), which is subject to sampling variability. Slight differences in percentages may appear due to rounding when compared to populations. The margin of error (ME) is based on a 95% confidence level and is a measure of an estimate’s variability. The larger the margin of error is in relation to the size of the estimate, the less reliable the estimate.
The U.S. Census uses a series of six questions to identify persons with vision, hearing, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care, and independent living related questions are not asked of individuals less than five years old and the independent living related question is not asked of individuals less than 15 years old. See glossary for more information.
Citation: Thomas, N., Paul, S., Bach, S., & Houtenville, A. (2024). Annual Disability Statistics Compendium: 2024 (Table 8.2). Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Table 8.3 Poverty - Civilian Veterans with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2022

Table 8.3 Poverty - Civilian Veterans with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2022
State Disability Disability Experiencing Poverty No Disability No Disability Experiencing Poverty Relative Ratio
# ME# # ME# % ME% # ME# # ME# % ME%
U.S. 1,635,000 32,000 225,000 12,000 13.8 0.7 6,505,000 67,000 393,000 18,000 6.0 0.3 2.273
Alabama 43,000 5,000 5,000 2,000 11.4 4.2 126,000 8,000 8,000 2,000 6.2 1.8 1.848
Alaska 8,000 3,000 500 500 7.1 8.3 25,000 5,000 2,000 1,500 6.0 4.7 1.183
Arizona 39,000 6,000 5,000 2,000 11.7 4.3 180,000 12,000 15,000 3,000 8.2 1.7 1.426
Arkansas 22,000 4,000 6,000 2,000 25.3 6.4 68,000 6,000 6,000 2,000 8.7 2.8 2.893
California 112,000 9,000 18,000 4,000 16.4 3.3 511,000 20,000 32,000 4,000 6.2 0.7 2.640
Colorado 31,000 4,000 4,000 2,000 11.7 4.7 159,000 10,000 9,000 3,000 5.5 1.7 2.120
Connecticut 9,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 12.9 7.8 46,000 6,000 1,000 1,000 2.1 1.5 6.106
Delaware 5,000 2,000 400 200 8.7 4.3 23,000 4,000 1,000 1,000 4.3 4.5 2.017
District of Columbia 3,000 2,000 300 360 11.1 14.5 10,000 3,000 900 1,100 9.1 9.1 1.211
Florida 130,000 8,000 16,000 3,000 12.7 2.1 498,000 16,000 27,000 4,000 5.4 0.8 2.347
Georgia 72,000 6,000 9,000 3,000 12.5 3.9 279,000 13,000 15,000 4,000 5.3 1.2 2.371
Hawaii 9,000 3,000 1,000 2,000 16.9 13.0 34,000 4,000 2,000 1,300 4.5 2.8 3.752
Idaho 10,000 2,000 1,000 1,000 10.2 8.6 44,000 5,000 2,000 2,000 5.5 3.2 1.852
Illinois 37,000 7,000 3,000 2,000 9.2 3.5 185,000 13,000 11,000 2,000 6.0 1.1 1.527
Indiana 33,000 5,000 5,000 1,000 15.4 4.0 130,000 10,000 10,000 2,000 7.7 1.7 2.008
Iowa 12,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 11.5 6.8 62,000 7,000 3,000 2,000 4.1 2.1 2.819
Kansas 17,000 4,000 3,000 1,000 18.7 6.9 59,000 7,000 3,000 2,000 5.0 3.0 3.737
Kentucky 31,000 5,000 6,000 3,000 18.8 6.5 89,000 8,000 6,000 2,000 6.6 2.2 2.842
Louisiana 27,000 4,000 5,000 3,000 20.0 8.0 77,000 7,000 7,000 2,000 8.5 2.6 2.347
Maine 12,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 11.1 10.0 37,000 5,000 2,000 2,000 6.4 3.9 1.718
Maryland 30,000 4,000 3,000 1,000 8.9 3.9 150,000 9,000 7,000 2,000 4.6 1.6 1.927
Massachusetts 17,000 3,000 3,000 2,000 19.7 7.3 84,000 7,000 3,000 1,000 3.5 1.5 5.645
Michigan 44,000 6,000 7,000 2,000 16.6 4.5 166,000 11,000 11,000